Growing marijuana is tricky business, and one of the things growers really need to take into account is the nutrients their plants receive. Micronutrients and macronutrients are terms to describe the amounts of specific nutrients needed for plants go develop properly. Having the right balance of macro and micronutrients is a sure-fire way to produce a fantastic, good quality harvest. On the other hand, not knowing how to balance your plants nutrients is certain to lead to a crappy harvest, and even plant death.
Macronutrients are the term given to the nutrients that are the most important for proper plant development and overall wellness. The chemical elements most commonly used in the context of cultivating cannabis plants are nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These three elements usually make up the bulk of ingredients in most store-bought nutrient solutions, and so you don’t need to look very far to see that most people recognise their significance. Micronutrients are just as important, although a large volume of these isn’t necessary.
Nitrogen and DNA
Nitrogen is an insert gas which is the main component of chlorophyll, a substance plants utilise to transform water, co2 and sunlight into sugars during the photosynthesis process. One of the other vital macronutrients is phosphorus, an element that is essential for every living thing that exists. Phosphates are the main part of DNA and RNA and are necessary for the creation of ATP and phospholipids, things which form all cell membranes. Potassium is important too, as it helps control the opening and closing of leaf stomata, which regulate co2 uptake.
Despite the fact that macronutrients are used in much larger quantities, micronutrients are imperative to plant life too. There are around 20 micronutrients needed by marijuana plants, some examples of these being iron, calcium, sulphur and zinc. All of these tiny nutrients have a massively vital job to do throughout every stage of plant development. For example, zinc aids enzyme production and sulphur in amino acid production.
Making sure your plants receive the right balance of macro and micronutrients can be a tricky process and may require some trial and error to get it right, though I can promise you that taking the time to do so will be totally worth it. Fixing your ratio is guaranteed to help you produce a good quality yield and understanding how nutrients work really is important in and of itself, especially if you want to be taken seriously as a grower.